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Shandong

The coastal province Shandong in the east of China is mainly famous for its cultural sights like the birthplace of Confucius and the former German colonial city Qingdao. But it is also blessed with beautiful nature and spectacular mountains. Even though its history, the arrival of the Germans and shortly after the Boxer Rebellion, and natural calamities, floods, famine and drought, didn’t make anything easier, the province has many beauty sights and attractions.
Travelers can still visit Qufu, Confucius’ home town and now a world heritage site, which shows the Confucius Temple, Confucius Mansion and Confucius Cemetery.
Qingdao is one of China’s most charismatic cities, with its old European architecture, churches, beautiful sand beaches and China’s world famous Qingdao-brewery (Tsingtao).
Impressive mountains like the Tai Shan Mountain, the most sacred Taoist mountain, and the Mount Lao Shan make Shandong also attractive for hiking ethusiasts.


Taishan Mountain

Taishan Mountain in Shandong was included as "World Cultural and Natural Heritage" by UNESCO in Dec 1987.
Taishan Mountain, a typical representative of the Chinese famous traditional mountains, is a mountain with a long history and a special historic status. In 1982, Taishan Mountain was up into the list of State key scenic spots and was formally listed in the directory of World Natural and Cultural Heritage in 1987. It becomes a precious heritage of human being.
Taishan Mountain locates in the east of North China Plain and the middle of Shandong province erecting from the Shandong hills. It is prominent around other hills. The prominent peak, Yuhuang peak, is 1545 meters high and locates in east 117.6 degree, north 36.16 degree. The south of Taishan Mountain is higher than the north. Its south foot of mountain begins from Tai'an city and its north foot of mountain stops in Jinan City, the distance between which is 60kms. In Taishan Mountain, the transportation is convenient with the Jinghu railway passing by in the west. In its north is Jinan city, which has another name of "spring city". The distance between Taishan Mountain and Qubu is 70kms. Many roads and railways such as Taifei, Taixin, Taining, and Taiji meet in Tai'an city, which just locates in the south of Taishan Mountain.
Taishan Mountain is in a superior geographic location with abundant water and thermal resources, and its climate belongs to the warm temperate zone half wetness monsoon climate. As regard to its historic position, in the ancient times, Taishan Mountain is a developed region—— in the lower reaches of the Yellow River. As regard to its cultural position, it is the center of Dongyi culture. In the south foot of Taishan Mountain, there is Da Fenkou culture, and there is Longshan Culture in its north foot, it is the center of Qi and Lu. And its transportation is more superior. Taishan Mountain is in a key position where the railway from central plains to Shandong peninsula meets the railway connecting the south and north of the east coast. There are no hills between Taishan Mountain and the capitals in the ancient times as well as the developed regions. This superior condition helps Taishan Mountain gain the first position among the Five Famous Mountains in China.
As a mountainous scenic spot, Taishan Mountain has high values in term of aesthetics and science, especially the aesthetic value, which is the foundation for Taishan Mountain becoming a famous mountain in the history and the world natural and cultural heritage today. For thousands of years, during the process of studying on Taishan Mountain in terms of adoration, taste, religion and science, the people has created extremely abundant and valued Taishan scenic culture. Moreover, in the Taishan scenic culture, the natural scene plays the key role with the literacy scene assisting. The nature and culture penetrate into each other. Here we can see the philosophy, aesthetics and science idea about the harmonious development of Sky, Ground and Human beings. Thereby, either from the point of time or space, Taishan Mountain contains extremely abundant contents with high aesthetic, science and historic value. We can say that Taishan Mountain is the symbol of spiritual culture of China and the unique heritage of the world.


Qingdao

Qingdao is a famous seaport city of Shandong peninsula, and popular tourist city for its beach, old concession villas and streets, Qingdao Beer Bruwery (Factory), and many other interesting sites including Mount.Laoshan.

Lying on the south coast of the Shandong Peninsula, Qingdao is a city of picturesque red-tiled roofs nestled between green hills and blue sea. The mild climate, the bathing beach, and Mount Laoshan make Qingdao a popular health and holiday resort, particularly in summer when visitors come here in droves for sightseeing and escaping the heat.

Qingdao is also an industrial city and a major foreign trade port. Its mineral water, wine, and excellent Tsingtao Beer are world-famous. Among the local arts and crafts, shell carvings are especially popular with tourists.

The Pier

The concrete pier is the symbol of the city. It was originally a wooden structure built in 1890 during the reign of the Emperor Guang Xu of the Qing Dynasty. Ten meters wide and stretching four hundred meters into the sea, the pier ends in a colorful two-story octagonal building, the Wave Stopping Pavilion (Huilange). With its carved beams and painted eaves, this romantic pavilion is an enchanting sight by moonlight.

The Beach

Starting from Cape of Peach (Taipingqiao), the most beautiful section of the beach at Qingdao includes Fushan, Zhanshan, Taipingshan, and Huiquanjiao. The limpid water, wide beach, and soft sand make it ideal for sunbathing, swimming, and other marine sports.

Lu Xun Park

Formally called Seaside Park, this park is adjacent to the bathing beach and is a good place to picnic within view of the sea. Li Bai, a famous poet of the Tang Dynasty, once compared the place to a fairyland by the sea. The memorial archway of the park is still inscribed with the words "Wonderland on the Sea." The park contains an aquarium and an aquatic museum, with a big seal pool nearby.

Zhongshan Park

Qingdao‘s biggest park is located on Huiquan Hill near the seaside; it has been called the "Flower Garden of the East China Sea." Among its many flower gardens are a peony garden, a garden of sweet osmanthus, a magnolia garden, and a Chinese rose garden. There are also many varieties of trees here; in the spring the cherry blossoms are a major attraction.

 

Qufu

Qufu is located at the northern coast of China. It is the birthplace of Confucius, the famous philosopher and educator. It is also where Confucius taught, where he was buried in 479 BC, and where sacrifices are still offered to him.

What to see

Confucius Mansion

Confucius Temple

Confucius Forest

Zoucheng, the hometown of Mencius (372-289 BC)